About



The Particle Cosmology group at the University of Illinois explores the connections betwen the universe's workings on its largest and smallest scales. We develop and employ “readout systems” for the cosmic laboratory: instruments to help tease out the signatures of new fundamental physics from astrophysical messengers. Recent efforts have focused on measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB), the afterglow of the hot early universe, from ground, balloon, and space. New efforts include technology development for CMB and THz observations.

Our group’s research touches upon a broad range of topics bridging the domains of cosmology and fundamental physics. Our instrumentation employs cutting-edge technologies developed in condensed matter and engineering labs, including superconducting detectors and millimeter-wave optics. Our data analysis efforts involve large-scale computing and simulations. Students develop a wide variety of skills in a collaborative environment while addressing some of the highest-profile questions of modern cosmology.


Research Activities


SPIDER

SPIDER is an ambitious balloon-borne instrument seeking evidence of primordial gravitational waves in the polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB). SPIDER completed a 16-day long-duration balloon flight over the Antarctic ice in January 2015 (launch video), yielding constraints on primordial B-modes. The upgraded payload awaits its second flight (Dec. 2022).

A successor mission, Taurus, has recently been funded to measure the universe's optical depth to reionization (τ) and characterize Galactic foregrounds from an ultra-long duration balloon flight.

Learn More »

BICEP / SPO

The BICEP program has deployed a series of powerful refracting telescopes to the South Pole. These instruments have made the deepest (lowest-noise) maps to date of CMB polarization on degree angular scales, and set the most stringent constraints on primordial gravitational waves. The South Pole Observatory (SPO), a collaboration between BICEP and SPT, will bring unprecedented sensitivity to a broad range of CMB science.

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TIM

The Terahertz Intensity Mapper is a long-duration balloon mission to study the history of cosmic star formation through intensity mapping at THz frequencies. The payload's KID spectrometer will be a technology pathfinder for Origins Space Telecope. Our group manages the TIM cryogenic system and contributes to detector design and forecasting.

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CMB-S4

"CMB - Stage 4", the next-generation ground-based obsevational program for CMB cosmology, will bring to bear data from multiple telescopes and observing sites to probe qualitatively new parameter space for fundamental physics and astrophysics. Our group pursues R&D activities in detectors, readout, cold optics, and analysis development. Prof. Filippini serves on the CMB-S4 Governing Board and the project leadership team for readout.

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Technology Development

Our group carries out a variety of technology R&D to enable new observations of the universe. Notable efforts include characterizing the cosmic ray response of CMB detectors for future space missions (PICO), detector and readout development for CMB-S4 and PICO, and development of an on-chip KID spectrometer for THz observations (Origins Space Telecope).

Image: Terahertz vacuum waveguide resonator fabricated in the MNMS clean room at UIUC (Rong Nie).

Dark Matter

There is now abundant evidence that the bulk of the universe's matter is in some dark form, not found the Standard Model of particle physics. Direct detection experiments seek to detect the interactions of particle dark matter in terrestrial detectors in ultra-low-radioactivity environments. Prof. Filippini has contributed to the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS II), an underground experiment using semiconductor detectors, and more recently to explorations of new experiment concepts using Dirac materials and superfluid helium.


Our Team


Jeffrey Filippini

Assistant Professor of Physics and Astronomy
Ph.D. Berkeley
405 Loomis Lab

Department Homepage

CV . Publications . Antarctica Blog


Carina Baker

Physics Ph.D. Student
B.A. Physics, Chicago
CMB-S4

Amber Lennox

Physics Ph.D. Student
M.Sci. Theoretical Physics, Glasgow
SPO

Rong Nie

Physics Ph.D. Student
M.S. Physics, U. Chicago
B.N.S. Applied Physics, U. of Sci. and Tech. of China
TIM, THz spectrometer


Ben Osherson

Physics Ph.D. Student
A.B. Physics, Princeton
SPIDER, CMB-S4, PICO

Elle Shaw

Physics Ph.D. Student
B.A. Physics, Greenville College
SPIDER


Alumni and Visitors


Cecilia Abbamonte

B.S. 2021, UIUC

Jianyang Fu

B.S. 2018, UIUC
Ph.D. student, UIUC

Derek Glennon

B.S. 2018, UIUC
Scientific Games Corp.

Robert Gramillano

B.S. 2016, UIUC
Data scientist, IRI

Riccardo Gualtieri

Postdoc 2015-20
Argonne National Laboratory

Bryan Hendricks

REU 2017
B.S. 2019, Illinois Institute of Technology
Ph.D. student, Penn State


Ahmed Imran

B.S. 2020, UIUC

Harshil Kamdar

B.S. 2016, UIUC
Ph.D. student, Harvard

Cyrus Liu

B.S. 2020, UIUC

Hannah Messenger

REU 2018
B.S. 2020, Case Western

Alex Navarre

B.S. 2018, UIUC
Ph.D. student, U. Cincinnati

Kaliroë Pappas

B.S. 2018, UIUC
Ph.D. student, MIT


Charmi Patel

B.S. 2020, UIUC
Ph.D. student, U. Mass. Lowell

Aaron Smothers

B.S. 2019, UIUC

Lunan Sun

B.S. 2015, UIUC
Ph.D. student, UIUC

Emma Western

REU 2016
B.S. 2018, University of St. Thomas
Ph.D. student, LSU

Hilary Utaegbulam

REU 2019
B.S. 2020, University of Houston
Ph.D. student, Syracuse


Recent News


  • Oct. 4, 2021: The newest BICEP/Keck result ("BK18") has been published as a featured article in Physical Review Letters. This represents the strongest constraint on primordial gravitational waves to date: r<0.036 (95% CL).
  • Sep. 1, 2021: Our group has been awarded new NASA funding to develop a new balloon-borne CMB instrument called Taurus, and to support SPIDER's second flight.
  • Jul. 23, 2021: Congratulations to Amber on passing her preliminary (candidacy) exam!
  • Jul. 19, 2021: Jeff and Rong will be presenting posters this week at the 19th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors.
  • Jul. 8, 2021: Our laboratory's new dilution refrigerator is operational, reaching a base temperature of 8.7 mK this morning. It will soon be engaged in development work for CMB-S4, Taurus, PICO, and beyond!
  • Apr. 30, 2021: Congratulations to Elle, who has received the department's 2021 Errede award and been accepted to the college's Mavis Future Faculty program for next year.
  • Apr. 23, 2021: Jeff was a featured speaker at this weekend's Art-Science Festival, speaking about ballooning in Antarctica.
  • Mar. 24, 2021: Primary cosmological results from SPIDER's first flight have been posted to the arXiv!
  • Mar. 16, 2021: Our group's new dilution refrigerator has arrived and awaits installation!

  • Dec. 13, 2020: Elle has presented a poster and associated paper at SPIE 2020, on the design and performance of the SPIDER 280 GHz receivers.
  • Sep. 2, 2020: Congratulations to Rong on passing his preliminary (candidacy) exam!
  • Aug. 17, 2020: Congratulations to Ben on passing his preliminary (candidacy) exam!
  • Jul. 15, 2020: Our group has been awarded new funding for our efforts on CMB-S4 (DOE) and to develop a new on-chip THz spectrometer for space applications (NASA).
  • May 19, 2020: Jeff has been elected to the Governing Board of the CMB-S4 collaboration.
  • May 7, 2020: Congratulations to Elle on passing her preliminary (candidacy) exam!
  • Mar. 11, 2020: Rong has presented a poster at ISSTT 2020 on his work designing absorbers for TIM. An associated paper will be submitted to IEEE Transactions on THz Science and Technology.
  • Feb. 16, 2020: Ben's LTD paper on the particle response of antenna-coupled TES arrays has been accepted to appear in JLTP, and been posted on the arXiv! Several other LTD papers for BICEP Array have also been accepted and posted.

  • Dec. 16-19 2019: Jeff presented a talk on SPIDER and a poster on cosmic ray response at B-Mode from Space 2019 in Garching, Germany.
  • Oct. 2-4, 2019: U. of Illinois hosted the inaugural meeting of the South Pole Observatory (SPO) collaboration, a joint effort between the BICEP/Keck and SPT collaborations to build the future of CMB research at the South Pole.
  • Jul. 22-26 2019: Ben presented a talk at Low-Temperature Detectors 2019 in Milan, Italy. Riccardo and Jeff also attended.
  • Apr. 19, 2019: Best wishes to our undergrad alums heading off to pursue Ph.D.s! In the fall Bryan will be attending Penn State, and Kaliroë will attend MIT.
  • Feb. 28, 2019: The mission study report for PICO, a concept for a probe-class CMB satellite, has been submitted to NASA and posted to the arXiv.

  • Dec. 20, 2018: Kick-off meeting at the University of Arizona for our newly-funded balloon project, TIM (STARFIRE)!
  • May 29, 2018: Welcome to our 2018 REU student: Hannah Messenger, from CWRU.
  • May 13, 2018: Congratulations to our class of 2018 graduates: Frank Fu, Derek Glennon, and Alex Navarre!
    Jeff was the faculty speaker at the 2018 Physics/Astronomy Convocation ceremony.
  • May 1-3, 2018: Ben presented a poster on the cosmic ray response of TES arrays at the PICO (CMB probe) meeting.
  • Apr. 4, 2018: Elle is a 2018 recipient of the Physics department's Scott Anderson Outstanding Graduate Assistant Award!
  • Mar. 7, 2018: The last two SPIDER 280 GHz telescopes have shipped from UIUC to Princeton, where they will be integrated with the flight payload.
  • Feb. 14, 2018: Jeff delivered the Physics Colloquium: "A View of the Dawn of Time from Above the Clouds".

  • Dec. 15, 2017: Jeff has been named a Fellow of the U of I Center for Advanced Study for the 2018-19 academic year.
  • Oct. 24, 2017: For Dark Matter Day at U of I, Jeff and colleagues hosted a screening of Seeing the Beginning of Time, followed by a panel discussion. About 150 people attended!
  • Sep. 28, 2017: Our test cryostat is sub-Kelvin once again! We'll be characterizing the response of CMB detectors to particle radiation using Ben's "monotile" test jig.
  • Sep. 22, 2017: Jeff was one of three hosts of Astronomy on Tap at Pygmalion 2017.
  • Aug. 2, 2017: SPIDER's first scientific result from the 2015 flight has been published in the Astrophysical Journal: a new upper limit on the circular polarization of the CMB.
  • Jul. 17-21, 2017: Jeff and Riccardo traveled to Kurume, Japan for Low-Temperature Detectors 2017, where they presented a poster on SPIDER and studies of cosmic ray response in CMB detectors.
  • Mar. 23, 2017: Jeff gave an invited review talk on CMB observations at an Aspen Winter Conference: "From the LHC to Dark Matter and Beyond".

  • Nov. 5, 2016: Professor Filippini delivered a public lecture, The Hidden Universe: Dark Matter and Dark Energy, as part of the Saturday Physics for Everyone series.
  • Nov. 1, 2016: The SPIDER project has been renewed for a second flight in 2018! SPIDER is funded by NASA and by the Canadian Space Agency.
  • Jun. 16, 2016: Professor Filippini hosted Astronomy on Tap Champaign-Urbana, giving a talk about dark matter at Pizza M.
  • Feb. 2, 2016: The SPIDER test cryostat has arrived at U of I in preparation for SPIDER-2 receiver work.
  • Jan. 20, 2016: The BICEP2/Keck 95+150 GHz paper has been published as an Editor's Choice in Physical Review Letters.

  • Nov. 22, 2015: This Thanksgiving we give thanks that SPIDER has begun her long trip back to the States, thanks to heroic recovery efforts in Antarctica this week by Ed Young (Princeton Ph.D. student) and the British Antarctic Survey!
  • Oct. 30, 2015: New results from Keck Array (95+150 GHz) and BICEP2 (150 GHz) set the most stringent limits to date on primordial gravitational waves. This is the first polarization-only constraint that surpasses that from the CMB temperature anisotropies: arXiv:1510.09217.
  • Aug. 14, 2015: Our group has been awarded its first external research funding: a NASA Strategic Astrophysics Technology grant, in collaboration with Caltech/JPL!
  • Mar. 9, 2015: The BICEP2/Keck Array/Planck joint analysis has been published as an Editor's Choice in Physical Review Letters.
  • Feb. 4, 2015: SPIDER's data disks have been recovered from the ice by members of the British Antarctic Survey! Data analysis will shortly begin in earnest.
  • Jan. 1-18, 2015: SPIDER has completed its first science flight over Antarctica! See story in Caltech News.

Selected Publications


SPIDER

P.A.R. Ade et al., "A Constraint on Primordial B-Modes from the First Flight of the SPIDER Balloon-Borne Telescope", accepted to Astrophys. J.

E.C. Shaw et al., "Design and pre-flight performance of SPIDER 280 GHz receivers", Proc. SPIE 11453 (2020)

R. Gualtieri, J.P. Filippini et al., "SPIDER: CMB polarimetry from the edge of space", J. Low Temp. Phys. 193, 1112 (2018)

J.M. Nagy et al., "A New Limit on CMB Circular Polarization from SPIDER", Astrophys. J. 844, 151 (2017)

J.E. Gudmundsson et al., "The thermal design, characterization, and performance of the Spider long-duration balloon cryostat", Cryogenics 72, 65 (2015)

A.S. Rahlin et al., "Pre-flight integration and characterization of the SPIDER balloon-borne telescope", Proc. SPIE 9153 (2014)

A.A. Fraisse et al., "SPIDER: probing the early universe with a suborbital polarimeter", JCAP 04, 047 (2013)

D.T. O'Dea et al., "Spider optimization II: Optical, Magnetic and Foreground Effects", Astrophys. J. 738, 63 (2011)


BICEP / Keck

P.A.R. Ade et al., Improved Constraints on Primordial Gravitational Waves using Planck, WMAP, and BICEP/Keck Observations through the 2018 Observing Season, Phys. Rev. Lett. 127, 151301 (2021)

P.A.R. Ade et al., "A Demonstration of Improved Constraints on Primordial Gravitational Waves with Delensing", Phys. Rev. D 103, 022004 (2021)

P.A.R. Ade et al., "Constraints on Primordial Gravitational Waves using Planck, WMAP, and New BICEP2/Keck Observations through the 2015 Season", Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 221301 (2018)

P.A.R. Ade et al., "New bounds on anisotropies of CMB polarization rotation and implications for axion-like particles and primordial magnetic fields", Phys. Rev. D 96, 102003 (2017)

P.A.R. Ade et al., "Measurement of Gravitational Lensing from Large-Scale B-Mode Polarization", Astrophys. J. 833, 228 (2016)

P.A.R. Ade et al., "Improved Constraints on Cosmology and Foregrounds from BICEP2 and Keck Array Cosmic Microwave Background Data with Inclusion of 95 GHz Band", Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 031302 (2016)

P.A.R. Ade et al., "Measurements of B-mode Polarization at Degree Angular Scales and 150 GHz by the Keck Array", Astrophys. J. 811, 126 (2015)

P.A.R. Ade et al., "A Joint Analysis of BICEP2/Keck Array and Planck Data", Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 101301 (2015)

P.A.R. Ade et al., "Detection of B-mode Polarization at Degree Angular Scales by BICEP2 ", Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 241101 (2014)


Technology Development

R. Nie et al., Optimization of a Quasi-Mesh Absorber for the Terahertz Intensity Mapper", IEEE Trans. THz Sci. Technol. 10 (6), 704-712 (2020)

B. Osherson et al., "Particle response of antenna-coupled TES arrays: results from SPIDER and the lab", J. Low Temp. Phys. 199, 1127 (2020)

A.S. Bergman et al., "280 GHz Focal Plane Unit Design and Characterization for the SPIDER-2 Suborbital Polarimeter", J. Low Temp. Phys. 193, 1075 (2018)

P.A.R. Ade et al., "Antenna-coupled TES bolometers used in BICEP2, Keck Array, and SPIDER", Astrophys. J. 812, 176 (2015)


Dark Matter

G. Baym, D.H. Beck, J.P. Filippini, C.J. Pethick, J. Shelton, "Searching for low mass dark matter via phonon creation in superfluid 4He", Phys. Rev. D 102, 035014 (2020)

R. Agnese et al., "Silicon detector results from the first five-tower run of CDMS II", Phys. Rev. D 88, 031104(R) (2013)

Z. Ahmed et al., "Dark matter search results from the CDMS II experiment", Science 327, 1619 (2010)

Z. Ahmed et al., "Search for Weakly Interacting Massive Particles with the First Five-Tower Data from the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search at the Soudan Underground Laboratory", Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 011301 (2009)


Media and Outreach



Professor Filippini has been an organizer of Astronomy on Tap Champaign-Urbana, and has presented in June 2016, Pygmalion 2017, and May 2021.

Professor Filippini is a contributor to "Whys Guy Wednesdays", part of the Morning Show on WCIA3 TV, Wednesday mornings at 9:30.



Our lab members have been featured in...

The Illinois 2021 Art-Science Festival, with a video, SPIDER to the Stratosphere.

An educational video for Dark Matter Day by the U of I Physics department (Oct. 2017)

Saturday Physics for Everyone - "The Hidden Universe: Dark Matter and Dark Energy" (Nov. 2016) (YouTube)

The Big Picture Science radio show and podcast (Jan. 2015)

Scientific American (Nov. 2014)



Teaching



Contact Us



Our lab is part of the Department of Physics in the Grainger College of Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. We are part of the Illinois Center for Advanced Studies of the Universe (ICASU). Our work is supported by NASA and the U.S. Department of Energy.

Prof. Filippini: 405 Loomis Lab
Group office: 494 Loomis Lab
Laboratories: 179, 487, & 497 Loomis Lab

Shipping address: MRL Shipping and Receiving, 104 S. Goodwin Ave., Room 190N, Urbana, IL 61801

Contact Professor Filippini (jpf@illinois.edu) if you're interested in joining our team. We currently (Fall 2021) have openings for postdocs, graduate students, and undergraduates!